STANDARD COSTING

Standard Costing

The Standard cost accounting or Standard costing system isn’t a definite system of accounting however it’s the way that is applicable altogether forms of standard accounting like method cost accounting or job cost accounting. Normally the quality cost accounting technique consists in- (a) component-wise commonplace prices are predetermined; (b) standard prices are compared with actual costs; & (c) with relevance causes & points of incidence, variances are measured.

Thus, the commonplace price could be a pre-determined price, the calculation of that is finished when taking into thought, on the idea management’s standards of economical operation, the relevant necessary expenditure. the quality cost accounting technique was evolved for the aim of eliminating the shortcomings of historical cost accounting.

Techniques of standard costing

Techniques of Standard Costing

The techniques of ordinary Standard Costing square measure the following:

  • There is a pre-determination of knowledge that square measure associated with production. so pre-determination of materials & labor operations in details that are important for every product; pre-determination of losses that square measure inescapable, level of expected potency, level of activity, etc square measure concerned in commonplace standard costing.
  • For each part i.e., material, labor & overhead, commonplace prices square measure set up very well.
  • Ascertainment of variances, that arises as a result of variations between the particular prices & corresponding commonplace price very well wise; is finished by the comparison the particular prices & performance with corresponding standards.
  • For the aim of decisive the causes for the variations between the particular prices, analysis of variances square measure done.
  • Presentation is formed in an exceedingly most fitting manner to the acceptable management, of the data that is offered from the higher than analysis so it becomes doable to require remedial measures or the redaction the standards if it’s necessary.


Within the issues that manufacture commonplace product repeatedly, commonplace standard cost accounting or standard costing is most befittingly applied, as a result of in those issues, the standards that square measure realistic is set simply. This doesn’t mean that they have the benefit of the quality cost accounting technique can’t be obtainable to the industries that will jobs of non-repetitive nature e.g., manufacture of vehicles, ships, etc, as a result, of several operations & processes square measure there that is undertaken by these industries that it becomes doable to line commonplace & apply commonplace cost accounting technique.

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